NSW, like most of Australia, has achieved significant reductions in the road toll over the last twenty years. These improvements have been particularly strongest for the most at-risk groups such as young drivers. There have also been improvements in fatal crash rates, though smaller in magnitude, for other age groups. However, in recent years the fatal crash involvement rates for middle-aged and older drivers, the largest group of drivers numerically, has either levelled off or worsened. This paper investigates the characteristics of middle-aged drivers involved in fatal crashes.